ot-snippet V. 001#68 2019-12-06
available snippets :

beta
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[P2]> Issues related to the current mint-beta should get reported at: https://github.com/linuxmint/mint19.3-beta. (<- click onto link(s) to open).
[P2]> Before adding an issue at git, you should first check existing reports and probably adding more details to the existing ones.
[P2]> ... it's sort of pointless to ask for fixes or help on beta-versions at #linuxmint-help (=here) ... as this is part of YOUR beta-testing.

upgrade
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[P2]> Upgrade mint 19, 19.1 to 19.2: https://blog.linuxmint.com/?p=3792
[P2]> Upgrade mint 18.x: https://forums.linuxmint.com/viewtopic.php?f=143&t=235992 (<- click onto link(s) to open)
[P2]> mint 17.x and older versions are EOL (required servers/repositories are not reachable any more): you have to backup your data and perform a fresh install

hi
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Welcome to the linux mint support channel - all languages are welcome (english gets more/faster replies).
To get support: Give some details about your issue, including your used mint version (19.2 ?) and DE (cinnamon, mate, xfce ?); stay connected afterwards = do not ask and leave after 1 minute...
Use 4#linuxmint-chat (<-right-click onto channel-name and select 'Join')  for general/non-support chat.

ask
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[P2]> If you need support - describe your issue, giving some (more) details + version used: 19.x?, + DE: cinnamon, mate, xfce? - if anybody has an answer she/he will reply.
[P2]> Stay connected afterwards == do not ask and leave after 1 minute.

chat
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... here is linux-mint support; use 4#linuxmint-chat (<-right-click onto channel-name and select 'Join') for general/non-support chat.

code
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[P2]> Be sure to copy&paste the communit-code without leading and trailing blanks.
[P2]> Read displayed messages carefully - as shown error-messages are not highlighted.
[P2]> There exist minimal requirements for account- and password-length +++ types of characters to be used.

hacking
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[P2]> hacking/cracking/piracy and related tools are off-topic at spotchat-irc
[P2]> you wont get any help on that here

cpm
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[P2]> copy commands from hexchat to terminal:  1) mark text/commands at hexchat with your mouse; 2) right-click into terminal -> select paste
[P2]> copy text/urls displayed from terminal to irc:  1) mark text in terminal with your mouse, right-click -> select copy; 2) right-click into hexchat input-field -> select paste.

cpk
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[P2]> copy commands from hexchat to terminal:  1) mark text/commands with your mouse; 2) left-click into terminal -> press SHIFT+CTRL+V
[P2]> copy text/urls displayed from terminal to irc:  1) mark text in terminal with your mouse -> press SHIFT-CTRL+C; 2) left-click into hexchat input-field -> press CTRL+V

cp
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[P2]> copy commands from hexchat to terminal:  1) mark text/commands at hexchat with your mouse; 2) right-click into terminal -> select paste
[P2]> copy text/urls displayed from terminal to irc:  1) mark text in terminal with your mouse, right-click -> select copy; 2) right-click into hexchat input-field -> select paste.
[P2]> only copy displayed URLs or max 3 lines text to the channel, as mintbotd  will 'mute' you for some time to prevent 'flooding' the channel otherwise

dpaste
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[P2]> use  http://dpaste.com/ (<- click onto link(s) to open) to paste longer output and return the created link here
[P2]> only copy displayed URLs or max 3 lines text to the channel, as mintbotd  will 'mute' you for some time to prevent 'flooding' the channel otherwise

register
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[P2]> there is a nice tutorial available at the forum about registering a nick + setup of hexchat
[P2]>  https://forums.linuxmint.com/viewtopic.php?f=42&t=266175#Step1 (<- click onto link(s) to open)

hexlog
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[P2]> If you are using hexchat, you can turn on to log your convos here ...
[P2]> Open menu 'Settings'->'Preferences';  Select 'Chatting'..'Logging' in the 'Categories' on the left, then turn on 'Enable logging of conversations to disk'  on the right and close the dialog with 'OK'
[P2]> For #linuxmint-help @spotchat.irc (=this channel) the logfile will be created at ~/.config/hexchat/logs/linux\ mint/#linuxmint-help.log

nick
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[P2]> To address people, type 2-3 characters of the nickname and press TAB to auto-expand it.

nickwhy
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[P2]> Messages containing nicknames will be highlighted for the according people = you are talking to her/him/them.
[P2]> Some people have setup an additional alarm-sound when being addressed ...thus you are 'ringing a bell' by adressing them.

ignore
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[P2]> using hexchat you are able to suppress disturbing messages of others:
[P2]> right-click onto the user-name and select 'Ignore' ...
[P2]> (to remove users from the ignore-list, use menu: Window -> Ignore List)

inxi
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[P2]> What is that 'inxi' used for ?? - https://www.orcus.de/IRC/inxi.htm (<- click onto link(s) to open) (<- click onto link(s) to open)

inxiS
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[P2]> copy the following command to your terminal (and return output/URL here):
[P2]> 4inxi -Sxx
[P2]> only copy displayed URLs or max 3 lines text to the channel, as mintbotd  will 'mute' you for some time to prevent 'flooding' the channel otherwise

inxiF
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[P2]> copy the following command to your terminal (and return output/URL here):
[P2]> 4inxi -Fxxrzc0|nc termbin.com 9999
[P2]> only copy displayed URLs or max 3 lines text to the channel, as mintbotd  will 'mute' you for some time to prevent 'flooding' the channel otherwise

inxiN
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[P2]> copy the following command to your terminal (and return output/URL here):
[P2]> 4inxi -Nxxrzc0|nc termbin.com 9999
[P2]> only copy displayed URLs or max 3 lines text to the channel, as mintbotd  will 'mute' you for some time to prevent 'flooding' the channel otherwise

iso
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[P2]> Verfy your ISO-file before creating a boot-media: https://linuxmint.com/verify.php (<- click onto link(s) to open);  select your version and open the  sha256sum.txt-link.
[P2]> Right-click onto the ISO-file at your file manager and select the  Check SHA256-entry - the calculation will take some time.
[P2]> Compare the displayed value to the expected one: It should be enough to check some characters from the start and the end, as even minimal deviations of your download would result in a highly different checksum-result. Only in case the values do match exactly, your download succeeded and could be used for an installation.

oem
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[P2]> The linux mint install-option 'OEM' does create a temporary user 'oem', which is used by hardware-vendors/computer-shops, in order to pre-configure a computer prior to handing it over to a customer.
[P2]> Important: Executing the 'Prepare for shipping...' (desktop-icon) will offer the new owner an option to create a new account on next reboot. The user oem and his data will get DELETED at this point!
[P2]> If you are a regular user: either use the regular=1st  install-option instead OR just backup personal data (if there is anything valuable) and perform the 'Prepare for shipping'-step to create your real user - more details: http://segfault.linuxmint.com/2013/05/oem-isos-explained/

sw
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[P2]> software manager (and synaptic / apt) use the official repos (out of the box) - the applications offered there are tested and should work without issues. At installation, the required dependencies will get detected and resolved as they are needed. Update Manager will care about software installed that way = you get updates and bug-fixes.
[P2]> If anything fails on the used programs - due to a misbehaving install of another software, or broken updates - software installed using the 'official' way should be repairable in most cases and should be uninstallable without issues.
[P2]> Using software from the internet is like giving a random stranger the keys of your house to make party and hope he would leave some day if being asked. While using PPAs (private public archives) or deb-files do better integrate with apt (at least they should) - using tar-ed software or source-code which needs to be compiled into the system is some of the worst scenario one could use.

alternativeto
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[P2]> alternativeto.net is a nice resource to search for replacement software
[P2]> software is listed by user-votes + does offer user comments and reviews
[P2]> https://alternativeto.net/browse/search/?platform=linux&q=[P3] (<- click onto link(s) to open)

search
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[P2]> using some alternative search-enginge does often help to get answers (instead of advertisement)
[P2]> https://www.startpage.com/do/dsearch?query=[P3]\+[P4]\+[P5]\+[P6] (<- click onto link(s) to open)

bootgrub
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[P2]> entering grub-menu at boot - https://www.orcus.de/IRC/bootgrub.htm (<- click onto link(s) to open)

bootparam
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[P2]> edit kernel params using grub-menu - https://www.orcus.de/IRC/bootparam.htm (<- click onto link(s) to open)

grubedit
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[P2]> grub kernel param can be made permanent by editing GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT of /etc/default/grub and updating grub.cfg afterwards
[P2]> https://www.orcus.de/IRC/grubedit.htm (<- click onto link(s) to open)

grubshow
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[P2]> 1) Display grub-menu on startup without key-press: just add a comment character # in front of the two lines starting with GRUB_HIDDEN...
[P2]> 2) optional - display text-output from the machine startup instead of the splash-image: Replace the contents of quiet splash with with nosplash.
[P2]> To increase the resolution for more textoutput use nosplash vga=1024x768

kernelsel
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[P2]> Selecting an (older) kernel from grub-menu:  with a default grub setup available kernels are selectable in the 'Advances options for...' -section of grub-menu and are shown in descending order. Until otherwise preselected the first entry will be the current version displayed on the grub main-menu.
[P2]> current mint-version: 2 entries per kernel-version - a regular one (for daily use) and an entry ending with '(recovery mode)' (which is used for administrative and recovery tasks only)
[P2]> older mint-versions: 3 entries per kernel-version - a regular one, one for an alternative init-system (rarely to be used) and an recovery-entry

kerneladd
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[P2]> Use the update-manager (shield icon on the lower-right) - menu: View->Linux kernels to add kernels.
[P2]> Added kernels will ONLY get preselected as new default, if offering a higher version-number than existing ones;
[P2]> use grub-menu, Advanced section on boot, to select a different kernel manually if needed.

kerneldel
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[P2]> Use the update-manager (shield icon on the lower-right) - menu: View->Linux kernels to delete kernels.
[P2]> The kernel currently used  (marked as active) cant be removed - to delete the according kernel: reboot, select another kernel from grub-menu Advanced -section.
[P2]> Keep at least another kernel 'known to be working' besides the active one as fallback.

fixcryptbug
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[P2]> if you experience issues with a long boot-delay (or sometimes even random freezes) - there is a bug with the installer when using encryption (especially with /home) that does result in a mismatch of the uuid for the encrypted swap (file/partition) not matching the according entry in fstab (it's using the wrong=old uuid of the not-encrypted swap) - see https://forums.linuxmint.com/viewtopic.php?t=274157#p1532861 
[P2]> compare files with    cat  /etc/initramfs-tools/conf.d/resume      and     cat /etc/fstab
[P2]> ONLY if this is the case for you: move away the current resume-file to a safe-location and recreate the initial ramdisk using:
[P2]> sudo mv /etc/initramfs-tools/conf.d/resume ~/old-resume; sudo update-initramfs -u; sudo sync;

fixprofile
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[P2]> With it's default setup LMDE 3 (cindy) does not source /etc/profile /etc/xprofile and ~/.profile or ~/.xprofile on x-session startup using lightdm DM.
[P2]> To fix the issue -  https://www.orcus.de/main_workarounds/lmde3_fix_profile.htm (<- click onto link(s) to open)

fixss
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[P2]>  Open Software Sources, click Restore, turn off any ppas or extra repos (on left side), click Maintenance (on left side), then click Fix and Purge. [++ spend 1 cookie for mtn]

fixowner
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[P2]> to sort out if you are affected by 'broken' owner-ship of files/folders:
[P2]>  https://www.orcus.de/IRC/notowner.htm (<- click onto link(s) to open)

fixacpi
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[P2]>  the acpi-implementation at some (more) machines is faulty - sometimes it helps to turn off acpi usage via a kernel-param (sort of the big hammer) acpi=off  // BUT - you have to watch the output of sensors afterwards - as there are 3 possible outcomes:
[P2]>  a) machine runs fine = fans spin up, when needed - temps stay calm  b) fans run full power: better for the cpu/gpu - bad for your ears  c) fans are permanenty stopped =>  not good, reboot without the kernel-param

fixconf
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[P2]> An easy cross-check to exclude some user-related issue (broken config, permission- or ownership-related issues, installed addins/desklets) is to create a fresh user and test if it's working there.
[P2]> details and howto reset configs if needed -> https://www.orcus.de/IRC/fixconfig.htm (<- click onto link(s) to open)

luks
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[P2]> To unlock a luks-encrypted volume from a live linux-mint using a point&click tool:
[P2]> https://orcus.de/main_workarounds/pub_ifaw/ot-unlock-luks.htm (<- just click onto link)

password
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[P2]> To fix/reset a forgotten user-password manually from a root-shell - https://www.orcus.de/main_workarounds/mint_reset_pw.htm
[P2]> (<- just click onto links to open ->)
[P2]> if you prefer a point&click tool (has to be run from a live-mint) - https://orcus.de/main_workarounds/pub_ifaw/ot-reset-pw.htm

ntfsdirty
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[P2]> To use a ntfs-partition from linux needing read-write access, you have to ensure your windows is cleanly shutdown. This means: disable the 'fast startup'-feature of windows (8/10) and don't use hibernate on the windows-side; see this for a short how to (click onto it) -> https://www.computerhope.com/issues/ch001762.htm ; If you don't need write-access - you can mount a ntfs-partition read-only (which will ignore a set dirty-bit) by:
[P2]> sudo mount -o ro /dev/sdXY /mnt
[P2]> ... replace sdXY with the partition-name and probably /mnt with a different folder/mount-point. If you want to mount a ntfs-partition permanently or (after an uninstall of windows) are not able to cleanly shutdown an existing ntfs-partition: say so for further advice...

ntfsfix
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[P2]> ONLY in cases you have no windows-installation left, having some ntfs data-partitions marked as 'dirty': you can use (replacing sdXY with the according partition-name):
[P2]> ntfsfix -d /dev/sdXY
[P2]> to reset the dirty-bit from the linux-side. USE THIS ONLY in case you are not able to shutdown from the windows-side anymore, as it will drop the last outstanding updates of the ntfs = you might/will loose the last recent modifications of files!

ntfsmount
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[P2]> For most cases it's enough to mount an existing ntfs-partition using the file manager by clicking onto the according partition in the device-section. To mount a (ntfs-) partition permanently at boot (besides manually creating an according entry in /etc/fstab) one can use the tool disks from the accessories-menu (cinnamon) - open the menu and type disks will show it:
[P2]> 1) Select the according partition 2) click onto the gear-button below the partition-list, select 'Edit Mount Options ...' will show a new dialog: 3) turn off 'Automatic Mount Options' there 4) ensure 'Mount at Startup' is checked  5) the default-presets will be fine for most cases and can by accepted using 'OK' 6) close disks-tool and reboot: The partition will be mounted at the location defined in the 'Mount point'-entry.
[P2]> Hints: Adding  ,ro (replacing an existing rw) in the options-field (has no label before it) will mount the partition read-only // in case you don't like the predefined mount-point: create a folder at your preferred location + make it accessible at your needs  (for example: sudo mkdir /data; sudo chmod 777 /data) and use it instead the given one.

lforum
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[P2]> There is a link-collection at the forum with valuable literature (html and/or pdf) about mint, linux in general and  bash. Some of the material is available in several languages.
[P2]> https://forums.linuxmint.com/viewtopic.php?f=42&t=266306&p=1448114#p1448114  (<- click onto link(s) to open)

lbash
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[P2]> bash beginners guide:  https://www.tldp.org/LDP/Bash-Beginners-Guide/html/ (<- just double-click onto the link) 
[P2]>   (pdf-download)     :  http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Bash-Beginners-Guide/Bash-Beginners-Guide.pdf
[P2]> advanced bash-scripting guide:  http://tldp.org/LDP/abs/html/index.html
[P2]>   (pdf-download)             :  http://tldp.org/LDP/abs/abs-guide.pdf

lnoob
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[P2]> linux-mint PDF : https://www.linuxmint.com/documentation.php (<- click onto link(s) to open) available in several languages
[P2]> guide to linux : https://linuxjourney.com/
[P2]> mint tutorials : https://community.linuxmint.com/tutorial/search

larch
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[P2]> arch wiki provides an excellent resource for many Linux details (mainly different in package management, which is negligible for many topics)
[P2]> arch wiki: https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php  (<- click onto link(s) to open)

bookcpp
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[P2]> CPP:   B. Stroustroup 'The c++ programming language'; Meyers: 'Effective C++' / 'Effective STL'; Rector+Sells: 'ATL Internals' (even for MS-haters: some guys just know how to build frameworks);
[P2]> Software-Engineering:   Gamma et. al 'Design Patterns'; Sedgewick: 'Algorithms in C++';  Booch et al.: 'The unified modeling Language';
[P2]> common coding practices:   S. Mc Connell: 'Code Complete'; (1984 AT&T Bell Laboratories, A. Koenig) 'C Traps and Pitfalls'

freenode
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[P2]> there exists a specialized channel at freenode irc (using hexchat: right-click onto link(s) and select 'Connect'):
[P2]> ircs://chat.freenode.net/#[P3]

fbash
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[P2]> there esists a bash-related channel at freenode-irc (using hexchat: right-click onto link(s) and select 'Connect'):
[P2]> ircs://chat.freenode.net/#bash
[P2]> (at (most) freenode-channels, only registered user are able to write/ask)

fnet
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[P2]> there exist channels specialized on networking and security at freenode irc (using hexchat: right-click onto link(s) and select 'Connect'):
[P2]> networks: ircs://chat.freenode.net/##networking
[P2]> security: ircs://chat.freenode.net/##security
[P2]> (at (most) freenode-channels, only registered user are able to write/ask)

fcentos
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[P2]> there exist channels specialized on centos and rhel at freenode irc (using hexchat: right-click onto link(s) and select 'Connect'):
[P2]> ircs://chat.freenode.net/#centos  ircs://chat.freenode.net/#centos-devel
[P2]> red hat: ircs://chat.freenode.net/#rhel  open stack: ircs://chat.freenode.net/#rdo
[P2]> (at (most) freenode-channels, only registered user are able to write/ask)

fvm
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[P2]> there exist channels specialized on virtual machines at freenode irc (using hexchat: right-click onto link(s) and select 'Connect'):
[P2]> vbox: ircs://chat.freenode.net/#vbox | vmware: ircs://chat.freenode.net/#vmware
[P2]> kvm : ircs://chat.freenode.net/#kvm  | qemu  : ircs://chat.freenode.net/#qemu
[P2]> (at (most) freenode-channels, only registered user are able to write/ask)

fff
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[P2]> there exist channels specialized on firefox at freenode irc (using hexchat: right-click onto link(s) and select 'Connect'):
[P2]> all users : ircs://chat.freenode.net/#firefox-unregistered // registered users only: ircs://chat.freenode.net/#firefox
[P2]> (at (most) freenode-channels, only registered user are able to write/ask)

fwine
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[P2]> there exist channels specialized on wine and playonlinux at freenode irc (using hexchat: right-click onto link(s) and select 'Connect'):
[P2]> freenode-irc: ircs://chat.freenode.net/#playonlinux,#winehq // wine-website: https://appdb.winehq.org
[P2]> (at (most) freenode-channels, only registered user are able to write/ask)

fwin
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[P2]> there exist channels specialized on windows at freenode irc (using hexchat: right-click onto link(s) and select 'Connect'):
[P2]> windows-general: ircs://chat.freenode.net/##windows
[P2]> windows-server : ircs://chat.freenode.net/##windows-server
[P2]> (at (most) freenode-channels, only registered user are able to write/ask)

fcpp
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[P2]> there exist channels specialized on c and c++ at freenode irc (using hexchat: right-click onto link(s) and select 'Connect'):
[P2]> c  : ircs://chat.freenode.net/##C
[P2]> c++: ircs://chat.freenode.net/##c++,##C++general,#c++basic
[P2]> (at (most) freenode-channels, only registered user are able to write/ask)

fjava
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[P2]> there exist channels specialized on java at freenode irc (using hexchat: right-click onto link(s) and select 'Connect'):
[P2]> ircs://chat.freenode.net/##java
[P2]> (at (most) freenode-channels, only registered user are able to write/ask)

fpython
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[P2]> there exist channels specialized on python at freenode irc (using hexchat: right-click onto link(s) and select 'Connect'):
[P2]> ircs://chat.freenode.net/#python      - Anything about Python is on-topic.
[P2]> ircs://chat.freenode.net/#python-dev  - Python core development discussion
[P2]> (at (most) freenode-channels, only registered user are able to write/ask)

lang
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[P2]> all languages are welcome, just give it a try. If anybody has an answer, she/he will reply.
[P2]> english often gets more/faster replies -> use: https://translate.google.com (<- click onto link(s) to open)

lang_cn
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[P2]> 欢迎所有语言,请尝试一下。 如果有人有答案,他/他会答复
[P2]> 英语通常会得到更多/更快的答复->使用:https://translate.google.com(<-单击链接以打开

lang_cz
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[P2]> všechny jazyky jsou vítány, zkuste to. Pokud má někdo odpověď, odpoví.
[P2]> angličtina často dostává více / rychlejší odpovědi -> použití: https://translate.google.com (<- kliknutím otevřete odkaz)

lang_de
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[P2]> Alle Sprachen sind willkommen, probieren Sie es einfach aus. Wenn jemand eine Antwort hat, wird er / sie antworten.
[P2]> Englisch bekommt oft mehr / schnellere Antworten -> benutze: https://translate.google.com (<- klicke auf Link (s) um zu öffnen)

lang_es
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[P2]> Todos los idiomas son bienvenidos, solo pruébalo. Si alguien tiene una respuesta, él / ella responderá.
[P2]> el inglés a menudo recibe respuestas más / más rápidas -> use: https://translate.google.com (<- haga clic para descargar para abrir)

lang_fr
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[P2]> Toutes les langues sont les bienvenues, essayez-le. Si quelqu'un a une réponse, il / elle répondra.
[P2]> les réponses en anglais sont souvent plus nombreuses et plus rapides -> utilisez: https://translate.google.com (<- cliquez pour télécharger (s) pour ouvrir)

lang_po
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[P2]> wszystkie języki są mile widziane, po prostu spróbuj. Jeśli ktoś ma odpowiedź, ona / ona odpowie.
[P2]> angielski często otrzymuje więcej / szybszych odpowiedzi -> użyj: https://translate.google.com (<- kliknij na link (y), aby otworzyć)

lang_pt
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[P2]> Todos os idiomas são bem-vindos, tente. Se alguém tiver uma resposta, ela responderá.
[P2]> o inglês geralmente recebe respostas mais / mais rápidas -> use: https://translate.google.com (<- clique para baixar (s) para abrir)

lang_ru
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[P2]> все языки приветствуются, просто попробуйте. Если у кого-то есть ответ, он / она ответит.
[P2]> английский часто получает больше / быстрее ответов -> использовать: https://translate.google.com (<- нажмите на ссылку (и), чтобы открыть)

i_es
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[P2]> Hola canal de ayuda en español:
[P2]> ircs://irc.rizon.net/linux-es (<- solo haga clic en ->)
[P2]> o utilice: https://translate.google.com

i_ru
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[P2]> привет, есть русский канал:
[P2]> #linuxmint-ru (<- щелкните правой кнопкой мыши по нему и выберите join ... для подключения)
[P2]> с помощью google translate вы получите более быстрый ответ https://translate.google.com/#ru/en/ (<-двойный щелчок на нем)

i_tu
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[P2]> merhaba - https://translate.google.com cevabını almazsanız google çeviri kullanın <- sadece bağlantıya tıklayın

nano
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[P2]> nano is an easy to use editor for the terminal/console - https://www.orcus.de/IRC/nano.htm (<- click onto link(s) to open)

smart
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[P2]> to check hdd/ssd smartvalues use the   disks   - tool (open menu + type disks will show it)
[P2]> select the drive to check from the device-list, click onto the burger/gear-icon top-right: 'Smart Data & Self Tests...'
[P2]> if assessments do fail (!= OK) or you notice 'Reallocated Sector Count' being > 0 : you might want to backup data; if 'reallocated sector count' does increase over the time (just recheck after some hours/days) = the disk is dying, replace it

audio
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[P2]> audio-setup is sort of try&error -   https://www.orcus.de/IRC/audio.htm (<- click onto link(s) to open)

bash44
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[P2]> Mint 19.x does use bash 4.4, which has some unexpected changes for people used to bash 4.3 and older
[P2]> https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/info-gnu/2016-09/msg00012.html (<- click onto link(s) to open)

veracrypt
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[P2]> have a look at veracrypt (or truecrypt) - it does create/use containers which are usable at windows machines too - just search on the web for it.
[P2]> It does offer an easy to use gui for setting up and 'mounting' the containers. Mounted containers are usable like a regular partition with the file manager or applications.
[P2]> vercrypt (based on older truecrypt) is well known for it's excellent encryption  + it does allow one to setup hidden volumes too ... which is important for being a 'plausible deniable' in case you have need for that...

pyhttp
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[P2]> create a temporary http-server at a host-machine to access files from a client-machine this way
[P2]> http://orcus.de/main_workarounds/pub_ifaw/pyhtm.htm (<- click onto link(s) to open)

kbd_enus
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[P2]> Cheat-sheet with an en-US keyboard layout:
[P2]> https://www.orcus.de/Entities/pages/main_workarounds/mint_reset_pw/keyboard-1280x552.png (<- click onto link(s) to open)

compare
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[P2]> Compare memory- and disk-footprint of mint versions and editions:
> https://www.orcus.de/IRC/mint-compare.htm (<- click onto link(s) to open)

deinfo
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.. current info (german): [P2]
via google-translate: http://translate.google.com/translate?sl=de&tl=en&u=[P2]

about
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[P2]> ... some 'advertisement' for irc-supporters ....
[P2]> ot-snippet - output multiline snippets with parameter-substitution at irc
[P2]> https://orcus.de/main_workarounds/pub_irc/ot-snippet.htm (<- click onto link to open / use top-center 'country-flag' -> google-translate)
[P2]> ..to output this text, requires only to type: /s about [P2]

bbl
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... fatal error: 'user out of coffee' - bbl ...

bye
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... decomposes into dust and disappears into the coffin - g' night

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